Archive for the ‘freedom struggle’ Category

Mauser 96: The weapon used by Indian Revolutionaries

Source: Mauser 1890

The C96 is a semi-automatic pistol that was manufactured from 1896 to 1936 in Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a country in central Europe. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Sw…. It was one of the first semi-automatic pistols to see widespread use.
The main characteristics that distinguish the C96 are the integral box magazine in front of the trigger, the long barrel, the wooden shoulder stock which can double as a holster or carrying case, and a grip shaped like the end of a broom’s handle (which earned it the nickname “Broomhandle” in the English-speaking world). The Mauser C96 can be considered one of the first personal defense weapons (PDW). A personal defense weapon is a compact firearm, smaller than a full-size submachine gun, but more powerful and flexible than a normal pistol….s), as its long barrel and powerful cartridge gave it superior range and better penetration capabilities than most other standard pistols.

Imported and domestic copies of the C96 were used extensively by the Chinese in the Second Sino-Japanese WarSecond Sino-Japanese War
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a major war fought between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan, both before and during World War II….
and the Chinese Civil WarChinese Civil War
The ‘Chinese Civil War’ was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China ….
. It was nicknamed the “box cannon” because it was holstered in a wooden box as well as for its unique external magazine. Some domestic copies even displayed serial numbers of original Mauser-manufactured pistols.

The C96 was used by Indian revolutionaries during the Indian independence movementIndian independence movement

The Indian Independence Movement consisted of efforts by Indians to obtain political independence from British Raj, French India and Portuguese India rule; it involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and rebelli…. Leaders like Bhagat Singh was an India revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle…., Chandrasekhar Azad was an Indian revolutionary and the mentor of Bhagat Singh. Chandrasekhar Azad is considered one of the most famous Indian revolutionaries, along with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Ram Prasad Bismil, and Asfhaqulah Khan, Sukhdev Thapar and others used Mausers smuggled from China.

The C96 Mauser had been favoured by the Jewish armed guards in the Ottoman PalestinePalestine
Palestine is one of several names for the geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the banks of the Jordan River with various adjoining lands….
and the paramilitaries of HaganahHaganah
The Haganah was a Jewish paramilitary organization in what was then the Palestine from 1920 to 1948. It was the main precursor for Israel’s army: the Israel Defense Forces ….
in the British Mandate of Palestine. Most of the pistols had been bought by either private buyers or agents of the Jewish settlement movement in Europe and sent to Palestine. Despite the pistols’ worldwide popularity and fame, the only nation to use the C96 as the primary service pistolService pistol
A Service Pistol is any handgun issued to military personnel….
of its military and police was China. Today the Broomhandle MauserMauser
Mauser is the common name of a Germany arms manufacturer, maker of a line of bolt-action rifles from the 1870s to present….
is a popular collector’s gun; many have come on to the civilian market after being exported from China.

Books on Guns and History (courtesy: Google books)

Books on Indian Arms History

Firearms: A Global History to 1700
By Kenneth Warren Chase
Published by Cambridge University Press, 2003
ISBN 0521822742, 9780521822749
290 pages

Military Leadership in India: Vedic Period to Indo-Pak Wars
By Rajendra Nath
Published by Lancers Books, 1990
Original from the University of California
Digitized 12 Mar 2007
586 pages

The Extremist Challenge: India Between 1890 and 1910
By Amales Tripathi
Published by Orient Longmans, 1967
Original from the University of Michigan
Digitized 13 Jan 2006
246 pages

Technology in World Civilization: A Thousand-year History
By Arnold Pacey
Published by MIT Press, 1990
ISBN 0262660725, 9780262660723
238 pages

A Dictionary of Military History and the Art of War: and the art of war
By André Corvisier, John Childs, John Charles Roger Childs, Chris Turner
Translated by Chris Turner
Contributor André Corvisier
Published by Blackwell Publishing, 1994
ISBN 0631168486, 9780631168485
916 pages

The Evolution of the Artillery in India: From the Battle of Plassey (1757) to the Revolt of 1857
By R. C. Butalia
Published by Allied Publishers, 1998
ISBN 8170238722, 9788170238720
388 pages

The French in India: From Diamond Traders to Sanskrit Scholars
By Rose Vincent
Contributor Rose Vincent
Published by Popular Prakashan, 1990
Original from the University of California
Digitized Feb 21, 2007
ISBN 0861322592, 9780861322596
165 pages

Official Documents, Relative to the Negotiations Carried on by Tippoo Sultaun, with the French Nation, and Other Foreign States, for Purposes Hostile to the British Nation: To which is Added, Proceedings of a Jacobin Club, Formed at Seringapatam, by the French Soldiers in the Corps Commanded by …
By Nawab of Mysore Fath ʻAli Tipu Sultan, Fath ʼAli Tipu Sultan, India, Jacobin Club, India, East India Company, East India Company
Published by printed at the Honorable Company’s Press, 1799
Original from Oxford University
Digitized May 30, 2007
195 pages

http://books.google.com/books?printsec=frontcover&dq=India+and+the+french&lr=&ei=yZHvSPC2KY32sgPz_Y2YBw&id=lVYOAAAAQAAJ&output=text
The Dangers of British India from French Invasion and Missionary Establishments: To which are Added Some Account of the Countries Between the Caspian Sea and the Ganges, a Narrative of the Revolutions which They Have Experienced Subsequent to the Expeditions of Alexander the Great, and a Few …
By David Hopkins
Published by Printed for and sold by Black, Parry, and Kingsbury, 1809
Original from Oxford University
Digitized Nov 14, 2007
191 pages

http://books.google.com/books?printsec=frontcover&dq=India+and+the+french&lr=&ei=yZHvSPC2KY32sgPz_Y2YBw&id=DRANAAAAYAAJ&output=text
An Account of the War in India: Between the English and French, on the Coast of Coromandel, from 1750 to the Year 1760
By Richard Owen Cambridge, Stringer Lawrence, John Call
Published by T. Jefferys, 1761
Original from the New York Public Library
Digitized Sep 10, 2007
339 pages

The Portuguese in India: Being a History of the Rise and Decline of Their Eastern Empire
By Frederick Charles Danvers
Published by Asian Educational Services, 1988
ISBN 8120603915, 9788120603912

The French in India: First Establishment and Struggle
By Siba Pada Sen
Published by University of Calcutta, 1947
Original from the University of Michigan
Digitized Aug 28, 2007
360 pages

History of the French in India: From the Founding of Pondichery in 1674 to the Capture of that Place in 1761
By G B Malleson
Published by Adamant Media Corporation, 2005
ISBN 1402192746, 9781402192746
648 pages

Final French Struggles in India and on the Indian Seas: Including an Account of the Capture of the Isles of France and Bourbon, and Sketches of the Most Eminent Foreign Adventurers in India Up to the Period of that Capture : with an Appendix Containing an Account of the Expedition from India to …
By George Bruce Malleson
Published by W.H. Allen, 1878
Original from Oxford University
Digitized Nov 14, 2007
289 pages

Anglo-Maratha Relations, 1785-96
By Sailendra Nath Sen
Published by Popular Prakashan, 1994
ISBN 8171547893, 9788171547890
328 pages

The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500-1800
By Geoffrey Parker
Published by Cambridge University Press, 1996
ISBN 0521479584, 9780521479585
265 pages

The Cambridge Economic History of India
By Tapan Raychaudhuri, Tapan Raychaudhuri Irfan Habib, Irfan Habib
Published by Orient Blackswan, 2005
ISBN 8125027300, 9788125027300

A Catalogue of Books Relating to the Military History of India
By Maurice James Draffen Cockle, United Service Institution of India
Published by Government Central Printing Office, 1901
Original from the University of California
Digitized Jul 30, 2008
101 pages

A Guide to the Sources of British Military History
By Robin Higham
Published by Routledge, 1972
ISBN 0710072511, 9780710072511
630 pages

A Dictionary of Military History and the Art of War: and the art of war
By André Corvisier, John Childs, John Charles Roger Childs, Chris Turner
Translated by Chris Turner
Contributor André Corvisier
Published by Blackwell Publishing, 1994
ISBN 0631168486, 9780631168485
916 pages

Military History of India
By Hemendra Chandra Kar
Published by Firma KLM, 1980
Original from the University of California
Digitized 30 Jul 2008
731 pages

Political, Legal, and Military History of India
By Harbans Singh Bhatia
Published by Deep & Deep Publications, 1986
Item notes: v. 6
Original from the University of California

Victorian Military Campaigns: the Sikh wars, 1845-9, the Third China war, 1860, the expedition to Abyssinia, 1867-8, the Ashanti campaign, 1873-4, the South African war, 1880-1, the Egyptian campaign, 1882, the reconquest of the Sudan, 1896-9..
By Brian Bond
Compiled by Brian Bond
Published by Praeger, 1967
328 pages

The Decisive Battles of India: From 1746 to 1849 Inclusive
By George Bruce Malleson
Published by W.H. Allen, 1883
Original from Oxford University
Digitized Jul 3, 2006
419 pages

The British Raj and Its Indian Armed Forces, 1857-1939: 1857-1939
By Partha Sarathi Gupta, Anirudh Deshpande
Contributor Partha Sarathi Gupta, Anirudh Deshpande
Published by Oxford University Press, 2002
Original from the University of Michigan
Digitized Aug 27, 2007
ISBN 0195658051, 9780195658057
303 pages
Contents
Introduction
1 martial races, Indian Army, Kshatriyas
Punjab and
7 Sikhs, Bengal Army, Indian Army
Military Indianization
45 Anglo-Indian, VCOs, martial races

Leadership in the Indian Army: Biographies of Twelve Soldiers
By V. K. Singh
Published by SAGE, 2005
ISBN 0761933220, 9780761933229
417 pages

The Garrison State: The Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab 1849-1947
By Tai Yong Tan
Published by SAGE, 2005
ISBN 0761933360, 9780761933366
333 pages

Between Two Worlds: A Rajput Officer in the Indian Army, 1905-21 : Based on the Diary of Amar Singh of Jaipur
By Jr. Ellinwood, DeWitt C. Ellinwood
Published by University Press of America, 2005
ISBN 0761831134, 9780761831136
679 pages

The Army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
By Balwant Singh, writer on Sikh history Balwant Singh, Sardar Balwant Singh
Published by Lahore Book Shop, 1945
Original from the University of Michigan

Six Battles for India: The Anglo-Sikh Wars, 1845-6, 1848-9
By George Ludgate Bruce, George Bruce
Published by Arthur Barker Ltd., 1969
ISBN 021317796X, 9780213177966
336 pages

Maharaja Ranjit Singh and His Times
By J. S. Grewal, Indu Banga
Published by Dept. of History, Guru Nanak Dev University, 1980
Original from the University of Michigan
Digitized Nov 10, 2006
296 pages

The Sikh Army 1799-1849
By Ian Heath, Michael Perry
Illustrated by Michael Perry
Published by Osprey Publishing, 2005
ISBN 1841767778, 9781841767772
48 pages

Military System of the Sikhs
By B. N. Majumdar
Published by Army Educational Stores, 1965
Original from the University of California
Digitized 29 Jul 2008
235 pages

The Freedom Struggle in Andhra Pradesh (Andhra)
By Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya, Andhra Pradesh (India). State Committee for the Compilation of the History of the Freedom Struggle in Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, India State Committee Appointed for the Compilation of a history of the Freedom Struggle in Andhra Pradesh (Andhra)
Published by Andhra Pradesh State Committee Appointed for the Compilation of a History of the Freedom Struggle in Andhra Pradesh (Andhra), 1965
Item notes: v.1
Original from the University of California
Digitized 25 Jan 2008

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