Archive for September, 2008|Monthly archive page

Indian Army Guns

sources: Ministry of Defence

120 mm Gun in Action

155 mm Bofors Gun in Action

155 mm Bofors Gun in Towed Position

130 mm Gun in Action

130 mm Gun in Towed Position

105 mm LFG in Action

105 mm LFG in Towed Position

122 mm Howitzer in Action

105 mm IFG in Towed Position

75/24 mm Howitzer in Action

75/24 Howitzer in Towed Position

122 mm Grad BM-21 in Action

Arjun Tank

india defence history

Source: defence india

First Gun Foundry

A Factory, later called the Gun Shell Factory, was set up at Cossipore, North Kolkata in 1881.

First Ordnance Factory

Board of Ordnance Factories was formed in April 1775.

First Rifle Factory

A rifle factory was established at Ichhapore, West Bengal in 1905. This was shifted to Kanpur in 1949 and called the Small Arms Factory. The first weapons from the production line was .303 Bren Gun used during the Second World War.

First Artillery Unit

On Jan, 15, 1935, ‘A’ Field Brigade (now 1 Field Regiment SP) comprising four batteries of horse-drawn guns, was raised at Bangalore, marking the official birth of the Regiment of Artillery.

Important Dates in Gun History

Important Dates in Gun History (Based on A History of Firearms by Major H.B.C. Pollard) [From “Notable Gun Dates” in Edgar Howard Penrose, Descriptive Catalog of the Collection of Firearms in the Museum of Applied Science of Victoria [Australia], by, Museum of Applied Science of Victoria Handbook No. 1, 1949.] Additional comments by John Spangler in red italics.

(Source: Arms collectors)

History of Guns, Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fouz)

History of Guns, Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fouz)

The 1st Division was lightly armed. Each battalion was composed of five Companies of infantry. The individual companies were armed with six antitank rifles, six Bren guns and six Vickers machine guns. Some NCOs carried hand grenades, while men going forward on duty were issued British stocks of hand grenades by senior officer of the Bahadur groups attached to each unit. Mortars were available, but Fay points out these were not available at battalion level.

(source: Fay, Peter W. (1993), The Forgotten Army: India’s Armed Struggle for Independence, 1942-1945., Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press., ISBN 0472083422.)

Polish Kb ppanc wz.35 7.92 mm anti-tank rifle used by the Polish Army in defense of Poland (September 1939).
Early Mark Bren LMG, photo from a Canadian factory

Type Light machine gun
Place of origin Czechoslovakia, United Kingdom
In service 1938-1958 (Until 1991 as L4)
Wars World War II, Korean War, Suez Crisis, Falklands War, Anti-guerilla operations in Indonesia, Gulf war, Northern Ireland, Mau Mau Uprising, 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Sino-Indian War, Indo-Pakistan Wars

Vickers machine gun
Type Medium machine gun
Place of origin Flag of the United Kingdom
In service 1912–1968
Wars World War I, World War II, Korean War
Designed 1912
Manufacturer Vickers Produced
Produced 1912–1968

History of gun, gun powder

  • 1232: The Chinese who invented gunpowder (black powder) first used it in a weapon – gunpowder filled tubes aka rockets.
  • 1364: First recorded use of a firearm – shooter lit wicks by hand that ingnited gunpowder that was loaded into the gun barrel.
  • 1400s: Matchlock guns – first mechanically firing of guns. Wicks were now attached to a clamp that sprang into gunpowder that was placed in a “flash pan”.
  • 1509: Wheel lock guns – wicks were replaced the wheel lock that generated a spark for igniting the gunpowder.
  • 1630: Flintlock guns – the flintlock did two things mechanically, it opened the lid of the flash pan and provided an igniting spark.
  • 1825: Percussion-cap guns invented by Reverend John Forsyth – firing mechanism no longer uses flash pan, a tube lead straight into the gun barrel, the tupe had an exposive cap on it that exploded when struck
  • 1830: Back action lock
  • 1835: Colt revolver – first mass-produced, multi-shot, revolving firearms
  • 1840: Pin-fire cartridges
  • 1850: Shotguns
  • 1859: Full rim-fire cartridge
  • 1860: Spencer repeating carbine patented
  • 1861: Breech loaded guns
  • 1862: Gatling Gun
  • 1869: Center-fire cartridge
  • 1871: Cartridge revolver
  • 1873: Winchester rifle
  • 1877: Double-action revolver
  • 1879: Lee box magazine patented
  • 1892: Automatic handguns invented by Joseph Laumann
  • 1893: Borchardt pistol – automatic handgun with a separate magazine in the grip
  • 1903: First automatic rifle a Winchester.