Archive for the ‘artillery’ Category

An ode to the gunners

This piece of article is from the Indian Express and shows the importance of the gunners in the Armies the oldest piece of the armed forces.

Gopal K. Piplani  
Published : Sep 28, 2005 at 0000 hrs IST

The largest and most elite Indian Army regiment — the Regiment of Artillery — celebrates its 179th raising day tomorrow. It was on September 28, 1827, that it was Indianised with the raising of the 5 Bombay Mountain Battery. This unit has an unbroken record of service since then and presently forms a part of the 57 Field Regiment. It has the glory of being conferred with 11 honour titles to date. Other units of that vintage include the 1 Kohat, 2 Derajat and 4 Hazara Mountain Batteries.
Babur is credited with being the first to use artillery in India, in the first Battle of Panipat (1526). Then, artillery was used in wars throughout the Mughal period and later during the reign of the Marathas under Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan, Maharaja Ranjit Singh and the East India Company.
‘Gunners’ are a breed of professional warriors. The Regiment of Artillery has a history of dauntless grit and selfless sacrifice. Its valour during the military operations of 1948, 1962, 1965 and 1971 is much celebrated. Names like Dinshaw Mistri at Naushera (J&K, 1948); 2/Lt Goswami and his TA Gurdip Singh VrC, of 13 field Regiment, at Chushul (Ladakh, 1962); Major S.K. Mathur at Kanjarkot (Kutch, 1965) and Brigadier Tom Pandey (Bangladesh, ’71), are still remembered. They were all awarded the Maha Vir Chakras for their gallantry and devotion to duty.
Talking about the gunner fraternity, the French go ga-ga about their gunner — General Napoleon — even today. The British still adore their master gunners, Lord Alanbrooke and Air Defence C-in-C, General Sir Freddie Pile, of 1939-45 vintage. The Indian gunners, too, hold their institutions and legends in high regard. And why not, seeing that it was this regiment that has given the nation four army chiefs?
The other half of this revered institution is The School of Artillery, Deolali. It is the Malgudi of gunners. Located along with it is the Artillery Training Centre and its welfare wing, the Artillery Association, at Nasik Road Camp. There is another training centre at Hyderabad. Together they have become the temples of learning, training, bonding and caring.
The gunner’s motto — ‘Sarvatra: Izzat-O-Iqbal’ (everywhere with honour and glory) — is a reflection of their professional ethos and values. Their colours are their guns. In its 178th year, this formidable part of the Indian Army is alive and ticking.
September 28 will be marked by prayers, mess parties and barakhanas where all ranks join in. The gunners will pay their respect to their colours and heroes — both living and dead. It will also be a time for them to rededicate themselves to the high traditions and professional values of their distinguished forbears.

The writer is a member of the Academic Council of Bangalore University

antique guns from indo pak wars and also 18th centuary

Antique guns
Some of the antique guns at Barki-Sehjra Hall, Ferozepore.

The Golden Arrow Division, which was raised in 1914, has an enviable war record. The division took part in both the World Wars with distinction. In World War II, it won four Victoria Crosses (VCs). In the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pak Wars, the division captured Barki and Sehjra, respectively. Besides many gallantry awards, the division was also awarded Theatre Honour Punjab, 1965, and Battle Honour Barki, 1965. In the 1971 war, it was again awarded Theatre Honour Punjab, 1971, and Battle Honour Sehjra, 1971.

To place all achievements of the Golden Arrow Division under one roof, a hall called “Barki-Sehjra Hall” was built at Ferozepore a few years ago. Its exhibits give an insight into the history of the division. In the gun section there are 31 artillery guns, some of which date as far back as the 18th century.

Source: Tribuneindia

Indian Army Guns

sources: Ministry of Defence

120 mm Gun in Action

155 mm Bofors Gun in Action

155 mm Bofors Gun in Towed Position

130 mm Gun in Action

130 mm Gun in Towed Position

105 mm LFG in Action

105 mm LFG in Towed Position

122 mm Howitzer in Action

105 mm IFG in Towed Position

75/24 mm Howitzer in Action

75/24 Howitzer in Towed Position

122 mm Grad BM-21 in Action

Arjun Tank

india defence history

Source: defence india

First Gun Foundry

A Factory, later called the Gun Shell Factory, was set up at Cossipore, North Kolkata in 1881.

First Ordnance Factory

Board of Ordnance Factories was formed in April 1775.

First Rifle Factory

A rifle factory was established at Ichhapore, West Bengal in 1905. This was shifted to Kanpur in 1949 and called the Small Arms Factory. The first weapons from the production line was .303 Bren Gun used during the Second World War.

First Artillery Unit

On Jan, 15, 1935, ‘A’ Field Brigade (now 1 Field Regiment SP) comprising four batteries of horse-drawn guns, was raised at Bangalore, marking the official birth of the Regiment of Artillery.