Archive for the ‘east india company’ Tag

Battle of Moodkee

Source: british battles


HM 31st Foot attacking the Sikh line during the Battle of Moodkee.

General Gough’s hard won victory over the Sikh army
of Lal Singh; the opening battle of the First Sikh War.

War: First Sikh War.

Date: 18th December 1845.

Place: On the south bank of the Sutlej River in the Punjab in North West India.

Combatants: British troops and Indian troops of the Bengal Presidency against Sikhs of the Khalsa, the army of the Punjab.

Generals: Major General Sir Hugh Gough and General Sir Henry Hardinge, the Governor General of Bengal, against Lal Singh.

Size of the armies: A British and Bengal army of 12,000 troops and 42 guns against a Sikh army of 10,000 cavalry, 4,000 infantry and 22 guns.

The image is titled “Sikh Guns at Windsor Castle, England.”

The print is a half-page illustration from an 1854 issue of the weekly illustrated Boston newspaper “Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion.”

Source: ebay


British captured sikh guns


India opens new Raj display

India opens new Raj display

Source: BBC

A new exhibition in the northern Indian city of Lucknow has thrown fresh light on life in British India.

Building in the historic British Residency complex

The Residency was the centre of a siege in 1857

The exhibition is in a new gallery opened by the Archaeological Survey of India in the historic British Residency complex in the city of Lucknow.

The gallery exhibits rare pieces from the British Raj found after excavations of the site.

It stands alongside an existing museum dedicated to the events of 1857 known in India as the first freedom struggle against British rule – and by the British as the Indian mutiny.

Five-month siege

The Residency is among several colonial monuments in Lucknow reflecting the city’s past.

Situated on the banks of the Gomti river, it was built by a local ruler for the British chief commissioner of Avadah, as the state of Uttar Pradesh was then known.

Cannon from Raj era

Fresh material found in recent excavations is on display

In June 1857, it became the centre of a siege after British forces took refuge there after being defeated by a local uprising.

They were under siege in the Residency for five months.

As a result of shelling in that incident, the building gradually crumbled and some portions had to be completely razed to the ground.

The Indian government opened a memorial museum in the main building of the Residency to give a visual account of what is now known as India’s first freedom struggle.

Excavations

Now fresh material – found in digging carried out in the residency complex in the last two years – is on display in the new gallery.

Building in the historic British Residency complex

There are several colonial monuments in Lucknow reflecting its past

These include pistols, cannon balls, bayonets and swords in a reminder of the fighting during the five-month-long siege.

Old coins, stamps and several others finds are displayed in the gallery.

A senior archaeologist who is in charge of the museum, RS Fonia, says the terracotta figures of European men, women and animals are rare pieces of archaeology which were found for the first time in India.

A terracotta figurine with European features and elaborate head gear, imported porcelain pottery depicting floral designs and scenes of maritime travel is illustrative of the European style and environment.

Fragments of imported wine bottles, champagne bottles, silver plated items and other things speak about the luxurious life enjoyed by British officers – even during the period of siege.