Archive for the ‘tipu sultan’ Tag

Commemorative stamp First war of independence

Source: BBC
a commemorative postal stamp which depicts the first First war of Independence as happening in the fort in the town of Vellore, 130km (80 miles) from the state capital Madras.

Arms, weapons gallery planned in State museum

Source The Hindu
J.S. Ifthekhar

  • Work order issued to set it up at a cost of Rs.10 lakhs
  • Gun used by Tipu Sultan will be the main attraction for visitors
  • 200 swords, blades, guns, cannons, etc. to be displayed

HYDERABAD: An exclusive arms and weapons gallery is being planned in the Andhra Pradesh State Museum in Public Gardens here. Work order has been issued for the Rs. 10-lakh gallery, which is expected to be ready by March end.

Two hundred swords, blades, guns, daggers, bayonets, cannons, pistols belonging to the 18th and 20th century will be on display on the second floor . The weaponry is now lying in the reserve collection of the museum. Attractive display panels are being designed to showcase the armaments, which represent the evolution and usage of weapons of domestic, carpentry, agricultural and war.

Some of these arms were exhibited earlier along with other things. “Now it is proposed to have a separate gallery,” said J. Kedareshwari, Director, Archaeology and Museums.

The gun used by Tipu Sultan will be the main attraction for visitors. It has an inscription in golden letters and a symbol of the tiger. The arms of Deccan of medieval and late medieval periods comprise mainly of war weapons such as battleaxes, swords, daggers, `jambias’, curved swords, lancers, it is said.

During the last two-and-a-half years the department has completely reorganised 16 galleries in the museum at a whopping cost of Rs. 2 crores.

District museums
The department is going in a big way to set up district museums to highlight the evolution, heritage and culture of the particular district. As part of this plan it is proposed to open museums at Vishakapatnam and Vizianagaram on May 18 coinciding with the International Museum Day, Dr. Kedareshwari said.

For the first time, the latter will have a `Hall of Fame’ to showcase important personalities of the district.

Gun History of India

Gunpowder arrived in India by the mid-1300s, but could have been introduced by the Mongols perhaps as early as the mid-1200s.

It was written in the Tarikh-i Firishta (1606-1607) that the envoy of the Mongol ruler Hulegu Khan was presented with a dazzling pyrotechnics display upon his arrival in Delhi in 1258 AD. Firearms known as top-o-tufak also existed in the Vijayanagara Empire of India by as early as 1366 AD. From then on the employment of gunpowder warfare in India was prevalent, with events such as the siege of Belgaum in 1473 AD by the Sultan Muhammad Shah Bahmani.

By the 16th century, Indians were manufacturing a diverse variety of firearms; large guns in particular, became visible in Tanjore, Dacca, Bijapur and Murshidabad.[41] Guns made of bronze were recovered from Calicut (1504) and Diu (1533). Gujarāt supplied Europe saltpeter for use in gunpowder warfare during the 17th century. Bengal and Mālwa participated in saltpeter production. The Dutch, French, Portuguese, and English used Chāpra as a center of saltpeter refining.

War rockets, mines and counter mines using gunpowder were used in India by the time of Akbar and Jahangir. Fathullah Shirazi (c. 1582), a Persian-Indian polymath and mechanical engineer who worked for Akbar the Great in the Mughal Empire, invented the autocannon, the earliest multi-shot gun. As opposed to the polybolos and repeating crossbows used earlier in ancient Greece and China, respectively, Shirazi’s rapid-firing gun had multiple gun barrels that fired hand cannons loaded with gunpowder.

Both Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan used black powder technology in iron-cased war rockets with considerable effect against the British, which inspired the development of the Congreve rocket.